German Chancellor Angela Merkel has announced a "measured exit" from nuclear power in response to the crisis affecting four reactors in Japan.
Defending the temporary closure of Germany's seven oldest reactors, she said the Japanese disaster meant it could no longer be "business as usual".
Mrs Merkel told parliament that the goal was "to reach the age of renewable energy as soon as possible".
She urged Germans to show the Japanese people they were not alone. She said the two countries had 150 years of diplomatic relations and called on Germans to donate money. "This is help between friends," she said.
Europe's nuclear response
EU announces stress tests on all facilities
Germany closes seven reactors temporarily
Switzerland suspends approval process for three new plants
Non-nuclear Italy "reflecting" on plans to build first reactors (Four reactors shut down after Chernobyl in 1987)
France, world's most nuclear dependent state, orders tests on 58 reactors
Bulgaria considers freeze on nuclear project near seismic fault line
UK commissions report on lessons of Japan disaster
Romania proceeds with plans for two more reactors
Poland going ahead with plans for first reactor